Biodiversité et écologie des diatomées dans les sources minérales de la région de Sainte Marguerite (Saint-Maurice-ès-Allier, Massif central, France)

Biodiversité et écologie des diatomées dans les sources minérales

Auteurs-es

DOI :

https://doi.org/10.18145/biom.v1i1.250

Mots-clés :

Sources minérales, diatomées, biodiversité, écologie

Résumé

Cette étude a porté sur la flore de diatomées provenant de sources minérales d’Auvergne (France) et plus précisément sur le secteur de Saint-Maurice-ès-Allier. Des échantillons de diatomées ont été pris sur des roches / galets et des sédiments fins dans 17 sources entre novembre 2014 et avril 2015, dans lesquelles 58 taxons au total ont été trouvés. Parmi les différents taxons, deux présents dans certaines des sources étudiées ont été récemment décrits: Navicula sanctamargaritae et Sellaphora labernardierei. Crenotia thermalis était présent sur tous les sites sauf dans la source Nid de l’Epervier. Des analyses multivariées ont révélé des différences dans l’abondance des espèces entre les différentes sources en raison de leurs caractéristiques physiques et chimiques et principalement en lien avec la présence ou non de nutriments en forte concentration. La source Petit Jean était séparée des autres sites et caractérisée par une concentration en calcium inférieure à celle des autres sources. Pinnularia kuetzingii, Navicula veneta et Fallacia pygmaea étaient les espèces dominantes sur ce site. Cette étude a permis de mieux connaître la biodiversité des diatomées des sources minérales et l’écologie de chaque espèce présente.

Bibliographies de l'auteur-e

Aude Beauger, GEOLAB

Aude Beauger is an ecologist and PhD at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique. She has written over 30 articles and she has been working on diatoms in rivers, lakes and springs. She has been teaching on bioassessment using diatoms. She is the treasurer of the “Association des Diatomistes de Langue Française (ADLaF)” and has organized the annual meeting on diatom taxonomy, ecology and related subjects in 2014.

Carlos E. Wetzel, Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology

Carlos E. Wetzel is a botanist and a researcher at the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology. He has written over 98 articles and he has been working on diatoms in rivers, lakes and soils. He has been teaching numerous training courses on diatom ecology and taxonomy designed for biologists, technicians and ecologists, contributing to the continuous improvement in the Water Framework Directive implementation in Europe.

Vincent Breton, Laboratoire de Physique de Clermont

Vincent Breton is Research Director at CNRS. After 11 years of research in hadronic physics (CNRS bronze medal, 1994), he has been studying for 20 years interfaces between physics, life sciences, health and IT. Co-author of more than 150 publications in scientific journals and peer-reviewed conference proceedings (h index: 46). 

Luc Ector, Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology

Luc Ector is a botanist and senior researcher at the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology. He has written over 200 articles and has been working on diatoms in rivers, lakes and soils for the last 30 years. He was the President of the “Association des Diatomistes de Langue Française (ADLaF)”, which organizes annual meetings on diatom taxonomy, ecology and related subjects. Over the last 20 years, he has been organizing and teaching numerous training courses on diatom ecology and taxonomy designed for biologists, technicians and ecologists, contributing to the continuous improvement in the Water Framework Directive implementation in Europe. 

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